Tooth bonding is the application of a tooth-colored resin material using adhesives and a high intensity curing light. The procedure gets its name because materials are bonded to the tooth. Bonding is typically used for cosmetic purposes to improve the appearance of a discolored or chipped tooth. It is also used to close spaces between teeth, to make teeth look longer or to change the shape or color of teeth. Oftentimes bonding is used as a cosmetic alternative to amalgam fillings and veneers, or to protect a portion of the tooth's root that has been exposed when gums recede.
Teeth Bonding Uses
Dental bonding can be considered to fix the following dental issues:
- To repair decayed teeth (composite resins are used to fill cavities)
- To repair chipped or cracked teeth
- To improve the appearance of discolored teeth
- To close spaces between teeth
- To make teeth look longer
- To change the shape of teeth
- As a cosmetic alternative to amalgam fillings
- To protect a portion of the tooth's root that has been exposed when gums recede
Dental Bonding Procedure
Dental bonding takes little to no preparation, and the use of anesthesia is often not necessary unless the bonding is being used to fill a decayed tooth. Dr. Wiesse will match the shade of your existing teeth to select a composite resin color that will closely match the color of your tooth.
Direct Composite Bonding- Direct composite bonding is the process where tooth-colored composites (white or natural-looking materials) are used to fill cavities, repair chips or cracks, close gaps between your teeth and build up the worn-down edges of teeth. The composite materials may also be directly applied and sculpted to the surfaces of teeth that show most prominently when you smile, for minimally invasive smile makeovers. In the dental world these are called direct composite veneers but are generically known by most to be called “bonding.”
After Dr. Wiesse has chosen a color that matches the shade of your teeth, he will roughen the surface of the tooth using a gentle solution. Soon after the roughing agent is removed, a liquid bonding agent is applied. The tooth-colored putty-like resin is applied to the tooth, then molded and smoothed until it’s in the desired shape. The material is then hardened with an ultraviolet curing light, and the previous step is repeated until the filing or direct composite veneer has reached its final shape. Dr. Wiesse will then polish the material until it matches the sheen of the rest of the tooth surface.
The whole process typically takes anywhere aside 30 minutes to an hour to complete, unless there are multiple teeth involved. If this is the case, then multiple visits may be necessary to repeat this procedure on additional teeth.
Pros and Cons of Dental Bonding
Pros- Dental bonding is one of the most common and least expensive of cosmetic dentistry procedures. It can usually be done in one short office visit unless multiple teeth are involved. Another advantage to bonding is that compared to veneers and crowns, it requires little to no removal of tooth enamel. Most procedures involving dental bonding do not require anesthesia.
Cons- The material used in dental bonding is not as strong as your real teeth, so biting on fingernails or chewing on pens can actually chip the material. Bonding resins typically only last 4-7 years before they need to be repaired and are not as strong as other restorative procedures, such as crowns or veneers. It is also not as stain resistant as crowns.
Because there are some limitations to the restorative impacts that bonding can have, it is best suited for small cosmetic changes, for temporary correction of cosmetic defects, and for correction of teeth in areas of very low bite pressure (for example, front teeth). Dr. Wiesse will be able to tell you if bonding is right for you or may make other recommendations relative to your personal conditions.
Teeth Bonding Consultation
A consultation with Dr. Wiesse will determine what dental problems can be solved with bonding. Dr. Wiesse will conduct a thorough examination of your teeth that may involve x-rays and an evaluation of your teeth and gums. During your consultation, Dr. Wiesse will discuss if you are a candidate for the cosmetic problems that bonding can resolve, such as decayed teeth, cracked or chipped teeth, gaps, tooth discoloration, “short teeth,” and more. If you have teeth that are extensively damaged Dr. Wiesse may recommend other restorative or cosmetic procedures that meet more long-term goals.
Because the teeth are matched for shade, Dr. Wiesse may recommend a teeth whitening in order to better match the color of the bonding material to your natural teeth. If whitening is utilized, Dr. Wiesse may wait anywhere aside 2-3 weeks before placing your dental bonds to ensure a proper and durable bond to your natural tooth structure.
Caring for Bonded Teeth
Bonded teeth require the same care as your natural teeth. The care necessary to maintain a healthy and beautiful smile is to keep good oral hygiene habits. Brushing at least twice a day and flossing are good ways to keep good oral health. Routine check-ups as recommended by Dr. Wiesse should ensure clean teeth and a healthy smile.
Because the material used in bonding can chip, try to avoid biting on hard objects that may cause damage. Biting your fingernails, chewing on pens, ice or other hard food objects should be avoided. If the tooth feels differently than when you had your procedure, you may have chipped the bond. Consult Dr. Wiesse if this happens.
For more information about Dental Bonding contact Beautiful Lake Ridge Smiles. Our friendly and knowledgeable staff will be happy to answer any questions or concerns you may have.
Contact your Grand Prarie Dentist Today! (817)-649-8888